Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and Japan were established on February 2, 1992.
Japan recognized Tajikistan as independent state on December 28, 1991. Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan opened in Tokyo on November 28, 2007. Embassy of Japan opened in Dushanbe on January 26, 2002.
During this period of diplomatic relations the sides created a good basis for the further deepening of practical cooperation and the most important - the high level of partnership, mutual trust and respect.
Important phase in bilateral relations was highlighted by the official visits of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan to Japan, especially the last visit in 2007. During this visit the official delegation of Tajikistan participated in the International Conference. The results of this visit gave a new impetus to the development of bilateral cooperation between Tajikistan and Japan.
The first official visit of the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe to the Republic of Tajikistan on October 24, 2015 gave boost to the development of friendly relations and mutually beneficial cooperation and strengthening of the legal-treaty basis of cooperation, and opened a new phase for their further expansion.
The basis of the legal framework between two countries consists of more than 40 Intergovernmental Agreements with some of them mentioned below:
1. Joint Declaration on the Partnership between the Republic of Tajikistan and Japan;
2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan on economic, scientific and technical cooperation;
3. Joint Declaration on Cooperation between the Financial Monitoring Department of the National Bank of Tajikistan on the exchange of information in the sphere of combating the legalization of proceeds from crime and terrorist financing and the Financial Intelligence Centre of the National Public Safety Commission of Japan;
4. Agreement on cooperation and scientific exchange between the Tajik Institute of Languages and the University of Tsukuba, Japan.
Interparliamentary relations are actively developing. In 2007, the Parliamentary Friendship League between the Majlisi Namoyandagon of the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan has been established with National Diet of Japan. Ambassador of the Republic of Tajikistan in Japan regularly meets with Members of the Friendship League to discuss topical issues of bilateral agenda.
Multilateral Cooperation within the framework of International and Regional Organizations
Republic of Tajikistan and Japan have established good cooperation in the framework of the United Nations and other international organizations as well as international financial institutions. The two countries have the same position on many important international and regional issues, and reiterate their support for each other's candidature and initiatives in the framework of international organizations. Also, in the framework of Dialogue "Central Asia + Japan» format Tajikistan and Japan are actively developing multilateral contacts.
Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation
Intergovernmental commission on economic, scientific and technical cooperation was established based on the "Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan on economic, scientific and technical cooperation" for the purpose of strengthening and developing bilateral relations in various spheres of cooperation. Currently, the two sides are coordinating to hold the first session of the Tajikistan-Japan Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Technical and Scientific Cooperation.
The Bilateral Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan
and Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Japan
The first Tajik-Japanese political consultations were held in 2013. This mechanism will undoubtedly lead to the strengthening of bilateral cooperation and mutual trust. At the present the sides are preparing to conduct the next session of the Tajik-Japanese Political Consultations.
Educational, Cultural, Infrastructure, Health and Environmental Relations
Relationships in the fields of education, culture, infrastructure, health, sanitation, welfare, human resources and capacity building are developing in the framework of Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA).
Office of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in Tajikistan was established in 2006 and its activities promote strengthening of bilateral cooperation and contribute to the development of the social sectors of Tajikistan. During this period the parties successfully implemented over 340 social projects in Tajikistan.
Cooperation of Tajikistan and Japan in the field of education systematically developing since 1993. From that moment till now more than 1,800 specialists from Tajikistan participated in various training courses in Japan. Since 2009 positive contribution is brought by the Project for Human Resource Development Scholarship by Japanese Grant Aid (JDS) through capacity building of young specialists in the field international relations, law, economy and management.
Bilateral cooperation in transport sector is developing starting from 1999.
Since 2006 the Government of Japan implemented such projects: 1. The project for the improvement of Dusty-Nijny Pyanj road (1/2 and 2/2 phases); 2. The project for rehabilitation of Kurgan tube-Dusty road. The provision of air navigation safety equipment such as an instrument landing system (ILS), a precision approach lighting system (PALS), and cargo terminal facilities and equipment is implemented under the Project for improvement of Dushanbe International Airport.
The Government of Japan constantly contributes for the improvement of water supply systems in certain regions of Tajikistan.
Republic of Tajikistan and Japan cooperate in the field of disaster risk reduction and emergency response to natural disasters. On September 7, 2016 between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan, in cooperation with the UNDP Office in Tajikistan grant agreement for the implementation of the project "Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Capacities in Tajikistan» was signed.
Cooperation between the two countries in health care actively developing since 2001 by realization of maternal and child health support project. Implementation of projects on equipping hospitals with solar batteries in Dushanbe actively increasing. Currently, the two sides cooperate in the implementation of projects to reduce maternal and child mortality in the country.
On March 3, 2015 in Dushanbe between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan in cooperation with the UNDP Office in Tajikistan grant agreement on the project “Promoting Cross-border Cooperation through effective management of Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan” was signed.
Tajikistan - Japan partnership regularly proceeds to a qualitatively new level of development. The main features of this period consist of further deepening mutual trust, strengthening of cooperation in the field of security, expansion of trade relations, implementation of joint economic projects, deepening cooperation in the field of education and culture.
Republic of Tajikistan and Japan take necessary measures to strengthen and develop mutually economic and trade ties, and realizing joint efforts in this direction. A vast opportunity still exists for the enhancement of bilateral cooperation, thus proper use of it in the prospect can boost economic relations between two countries. Promising areas of mutually beneficial economic cooperation are industry, mining, energy, infrastructure and road construction, agriculture, geology, hydrology and other fundamental areas of economy of Tajikistan.
In this regard, the establishment of Tajikistan-Japan Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation is one of the key factors for enhancement of economic cooperation.
Successful operation of the first Tajik-Japanese pharmaceutical joint venture company "Avvalin" that established in Qabodiyon district of Khatlon region with the participation of the Japanese company “Cockey Sytems Ltd.” makes significant contribution to the development of economic relations.
Trade turnover between Tajikistan and Japan
(in million USD)
Source: Statistical Agency under President of the Republic of Tajikistan
May 2001 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan
February 2003 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan
December 2007 - Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan
October 2015 - Official visit of the Japanese Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Shinzo Abe
From Tajikistan to Japan
October 1992 - Mr. Khouduberdi KHOLIKNAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs
October 1996 - Mr. Yahyo AZIMOV, Prime Minister
March 2000 - Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs
February 2001 - Mr. Saydullo KHAIRULLOYEV, Chairman of the House of Representatives
January 2002 - Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs
September 2005 - Mr. Hakim SOLIEV, Minister of Economy and Trade
June 2006 - Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs
July 2012 - Mr. Khayriddin ABDURAKHIMOV, Chairman of the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense
October 2012 - Mr. Safarali NAJMUDDINOV，Minister of Finance
November 2012 - Mr. Hamrokhon ZARIFI, Minister of Foreign Affairs
December 2013 - Mr. Olim SALIMZODA, Chairman of Committee on International Relations, Information and Public Association
June 2014 - Mr. Sirodjidin ASLOV, Minister of Foreign Affairs