Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Tajikistan and Japan were established on February 2, 1992.
Japan recognized Tajikistan as independent state on December 28, 1991. Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan opened in Tokyo on November 28, 2007. Embassy of Japan opened in Dushanbe on January 26, 2002.
During this period of diplomatic relations the sides created a good basis for the further deepening of practical cooperation and the most important - the high level of partnership, mutual trust and respect.
Important phase in bilateral relations was highlighted by the official visits of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan to Japan, especially the last visit in 2007. During this visit the official delegation of Tajikistan participated in the International Conference. The results of this visit gave a new impetus to the development of bilateral cooperation between Tajikistan and Japan.
The first official visit of the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe to the Republic of Tajikistan on October 24, 2015 gave boost to the development of friendly relations and mutually beneficial cooperation and strengthening of the legal-treaty basis of cooperation, and opened a new phase for their further expansion.
The basis of the legal framework between two countries consists of more than 40 Intergovernmental Agreements with some of them mentioned below:
1. Joint Declaration on the Partnership between the Republic of Tajikistan and Japan;
2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan on economic, scientific and technical cooperation;
3. Joint Declaration on Cooperation between the Financial Monitoring Department of the National Bank of Tajikistan on the exchange of information in the sphere of combating the legalization of proceeds from crime and terrorist financing and the Financial Intelligence Centre of the National Public Safety Commission of Japan;
4. Agreement on cooperation and scientific exchange between the Tajik Institute of Languages and the University of Tsukuba, Japan.
Interparliamentary relations are actively developing. In 2008, the Parliamentary Friendship League between the Majlisi Namoyandagon of the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan has been established with National Diet of Japan. Ambassador of the Republic of Tajikistan in Japan regularly meets with Members of the Friendship League, including on 15 September 2017 with the Member of House of Councillors of the National Diet of Japan and Member of Japan–Tajikistan Parliamentary Friendship League Mr. Keizo Takemi, on 22 September 2017 with Member of House of Representatives of the National Diet of Japan Mr. Tomokatsu Kitagawa, on 30 November 2017 with the Member of House of Representatives of the National Diet of Japan - Chief-Secretary of Japan-Tajikistan Parliamentary Friendship League Mr. Yoshihisa Furukawa, on 8 January 2018 with the Member of the House of Representatives of the Japanese Parliament from the Liberal Democratic Party and the Honorary Chairman of the Tajikistan-Japan Culture & Economic Friendship Corporation Mr. Hajime SASAKI and on 11 January 2018 with the Member of the House of Representatives of the Japanese Parliament from the Liberal Democratic Party, Mr. Minoru Kiuchi to discuss topical issues of bilateral agenda.
Multilateral Cooperation within the framework of International and Regional Organizations
Republic of Tajikistan and Japan have established good cooperation in the framework of the United Nations and other international organizations as well as international financial institutions. The two countries have the same position on many important international and regional issues, and reiterate their support for each other's candidature and initiatives in the framework of international organizations.
Also, in the framework of Dialogue "Central Asia + Japan» format Tajikistan and Japan are actively developing multilateral contacts. Republic of Tajikistan assumed the Chairmanship of the Dialogue for the period 2017-2018 in May 2017. The 12th Senior Officials Meeting of the member countries of «Central Asia + Japan» Dialogue was held on 26 January 2018 at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan. During the Dushanbe meeting, the parties discussed a range of issues related to the implementation of projects and further development of cooperation in the field of transport and logistics, exchanged views on cooperation in ensuring regional security, and decided on further cooperation in the field of tourism within the framework of the Dialogue. The announcement of tourism as a new area of practical regional cooperation within the Dialogue has become one of the main outcomes of the Dushanbe meeting. Several events and meetings, including the next 7th Foreign Ministers’ Meeting of Central Asia and Japan in 2018 in Dushanbe are scheduled in this period.
Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation
Intergovernmental commission on economic, scientific and technical cooperation was established based on the "Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan on economic, scientific and technical cooperation" for the purpose of strengthening and developing bilateral relations in various spheres of cooperation. First meeting of the Tajikistan-Japan Intergovernmental Commission under the chairmanship of the Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the Republic of Tajikistan and Japan Special Representative for Central Asia held in Tokyo on 14 April 2017 and the Joint Protocol was signed as the result of the meeting. Currently, the two sides are coordinating to hold the next session of the Tajikistan-Japan Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Technical and Scientific Cooperation and in the framework of the meeting to organize the Tajikistan-Japan Business Forum in Dushanbe.
The Bilateral Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan and Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Japan
The first Tajik-Japanese bilateral political consultations were held in Dushanbe in 2013. Second round of the Political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan held on 25 January 2018 in Dushanbe. This mechanism will undoubtedly lead to the strengthening of bilateral cooperation and mutual trust. The next session of Political Consultations will be conducted in Tokyo.
Educational, Cultural, Infrastructure, Health and Environmental Relations
Cooperation between the two countries in education, culture, infrastructure, health, sanitation, welfare, human resources and capacity building are developing in the framework of Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA).
Office of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in Tajikistan was established in 2006 and its activities promote strengthening of bilateral cooperation and contribute to the development of the social sectors of Tajikistan. During this period the parties successfully implemented over 34 social projects in Tajikistan.
Bilateral cooperation in education sector systematically developing since 1993. From that moment till now more than 2200 specialists from Tajikistan participated in various training courses in Japan. Since 2009 positive contribution is brought by the Project for Human Resource Development Scholarship by Japanese Grant Aid (JDS) through capacity building of young specialists in international relations, law, economic and management areas. During 2009-2017 years, 33 JDS fellows (five of these are women) received M.A. degree at the Japanese universities, and another 13 JDS fellows, including from early graduated MA program, are currently continuing studies in master's and doctoral degree programs in Japanese universities.
Bilateral cooperation in transport sector is developing starting from 1999. Since 2006 the Government of Japan implemented such projects: 1. The Project for the improvement of Dusty-Nijny Pyanj road (1/2 and 2/2 phases); 2. The Project for rehabilitation of Kurgan Tube-Dusty road. The provision of air navigation safety equipment such as an instrument landing system (ILS), a precision approach lighting system (PALS), and construction of new Cargo Terminal under the Project for improvement of Dushanbe International Airport are in final stages of the implementation. The equipment were installed and put into operation in March 2017 after inspection. Construction of the Cargo Terminal started on 20 February 2017 and will be completed according to project duration in August 2018.
The Government of Japan constantly contributes for the improvement of water supply systems in certain regions of Tajikistan. The "Project for Rehabilitation of Drinking Water Supply Systems in Pyanj District, Khatlon Region of Tajikistan" is awarded by the Japanese Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE) as the best project in the field of civil construction implemented by Japanese companies abroad. The project was implemented in Tajikistan by Eight-Japan Engineering Consultants Inc. and Dai Nippon Construction funded by the Government of Japan through the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The Japanese Society of Civil Engineers (JSCE) awarded Eight-Japan Engineering Consultants Inc., Dai Nippon Construction and the State Unitary Enterprise "Khojagii Manziliy Kommunali" of Tajikistan for the designing and implementation of the "Project for Rehabilitation of Drinking Water Supply Systems in Pyanj District". This is the sixth award, which JSCE awards to advanced projects in the field of civil engineering, implemented abroad.
Tajikistan and Japan cooperate in disaster risk reduction and emergency response to natural disasters. On September 7, 2016 between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan, in cooperation with the UNDP Office in Tajikistan grant agreement for the implementation of the project "Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Capacities in Tajikistan» was signed.
Cooperation between the two countries in health care sector actively developing since 2001 by realization of maternal and child health support project. Implementation of projects on equipping hospitals with solar batteries in Dushanbe actively increasing. Currently, the two sides cooperate in the implementation of projects to reduce maternal and child mortality in the country.
On March 3, 2015 in Dushanbe between the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of Japan in cooperation with the UNDP Office in Tajikistan grant agreement on the project “Promoting Cross-border Cooperation through effective management of Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan” was signed.
Cooperation in energy sector is gradually expanding. The Project for Improvement of Substations in Dushanbe is in the realization phase. On 26 January 2018 the OJSHC Barki Tojik and Japan’s Nishizawa Company signed a contract to construct new “Radiostansiya” substation in Ismoili Somoni district and rehabilitate “Promishlennaya” substation located in Sino district of Dushanbe. Main power equipment (transformers, circuit breakers etc.) for both substations will be manufactured and supplied by TOSHIBA.
Tajikistan - Japan partnership regularly proceeds to a qualitatively new level of development. The main features of this period consist of further deepening mutual trust, strengthening of cooperation in the field of security, expansion of trade relations, implementation of joint economic projects, deepening cooperation in the field of education and culture.
Republic of Tajikistan and Japan take necessary measures to strengthen and develop mutually economic and trade ties, and realizing joint efforts in this direction. A vast opportunity still exists for the enhancement of bilateral cooperation, thus proper use of it in the prospect can boost economic relations between two countries. Promising areas of mutually beneficial economic cooperation are industry, mining, energy, infrastructure and road construction, agriculture, geology, hydrology and other fundamental areas of economy of Tajikistan.
In this regard, activity of Tajikistan-Japan Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation is one of the key factors for enhancement of economic cooperation. Currently, the two sides are coordinating to hold the upcoming session of Intergovernmental Commission in Dushanbe.
In order to strengthen the legal framework for investment cooperation, the sides agreed to expedite the process of consideration for signing the draft Agreement for the Liberalization, Promotion and Protection of Investment” (Tajikistan-Japan Investment Agreement).
Successful operation of the first Tajik-Japanese pharmaceutical joint venture company "Avvalin" that established in Qabodiyon district of Khatlon region with the participation of the Japanese company “Cockey Sytems Ltd.” makes significant contribution to the development of economic relations.
Trade turnover between Tajikistan and Japan
(in million USD)
|May 2001||Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan|
|February 2003||Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan|
|December 2007||Official visit of H.E. Mr. Emomali Rahmon, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan|
|October 2015||Official visit of the Japanese Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Shinzo Abe|
|October 1992||Mr. Khouduberdi KHOLIKNAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|October 1996||Mr. Yahyo AZIMOV, Prime Minister|
|March 2000||Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|February 2001||Mr. Saydullo KHAIRULLOYEV, Chairman of the House of Representatives|
|January 2002||Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|September 2005||Mr. Hakim SOLIEV, Minister of Economy and Trade|
|June 2006||Mr. Talbak NAZAROV, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|July 2012||Mr. Khayriddin ABDURAKHIMOV, Chairman of the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defense|
|October 2012||Mr. Safarali NAJMUDDINOV，Minister of Finance|
|November 2012||Mr. Hamrokhon ZARIFI, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|December 2013||Mr. Olim SALIMZODA, Chairman of Committee on International Relations, Information and Public Association|
|June 2014||Mr. Sirodjidin ASLOV, Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|April 2017||Mr. Mr. Nematullo Hikmatullozoda, Minister of Economic Development and Trade of the Republic of Tajikistan|
|August 1998||Mr. Keizo TAKEMI, State Secretary for Foreign Affairs|
|August 1999||Mr. Keizo TAKEMI, State Secretary for Foreign Affairs|
|February 2000||Mr. Keizo TAKEMI, Member of the House of Councilors (former State Secretary for Foreign Affairs) (as a Head of the Monitoring Mission for Parliamentary Election)|
|July 2000||Mr. Muneo SUZUKI, Member of the House of Representatives |
Mr. Keizo TAKEMI, Member of the House of Councilors
|October 2001||Mr. Muneo SUZUKI, Member of the House of Representatives (Special Envoy for Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi)|
|January 2002||Mr. Muneo SUZUKI, Member of the House of Representatives|
|August 2003||Mr. Keizo TAKEMI, Member of the House of Councilors (International Fresh Water Forum)|
|August 2004||Ms. Yoriko KAWAGUCHI, Minister for Foreign Affairs (Visiting to Central Asia)|
|July 2008||Mr. Yoshihisa FURUKAWA, Parliamentary Secretary for Justice|
|September 2010||Mr. Muneo SUZUKI, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the House of Representatives|
|March 2012||Mr. Jo NAKANO, Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs|
|September 2012||Mr. Kazuyuki HAMADA, Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs|
|November 2014||Mr. Kentaro SONOURA, Parliamentary Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs|