Water and Energy

KEY INDICATORS
Estimated hydro-power potential is 527 billion kWh per year (the eighth in the world), 4% of the worldwide hydro power potential.
Annual electricity generation is 16.5 billion kWh (4-5% of the potential reserves)
Power system capacity is 5190 MW (4872 MW is the hydroelectric share or 94%; CHP is 318 MW or 6%)
The design capacity of Rogun HPP is 3600 MW/13 billion kWh per year.
Development of the energy sector –15.2% of the budget expenditures (2012)
Excess of power in the summer is 3-5 billion kWh
Electricity shortage in winter is 2.5 billion kWh
Tariff for the population is 2.32 U.S. cents / 1 kWh.
Tariff for the industry is 5.61 U.S. cents /1 kWh.
Export of electricity in 2016 is about 1 billion 427,3 million kWh
Coal reserves – 4.5 billion tons
Coal production in 2017 is about 1 million 740 thousand tons.


HYDROPOWER

Tajikistan endowed with rich hydropower resources, hydro potential is estimated to be 527 billion kWh per year. In technical terms, the waterpower resources of Tajikistan have good prospects for the development and consist of 317 billion kWh per year of which only 4-5% has been used so far. Tajikistan’s hydropower potentialranks No.8 after China, Russia, the USA, Brazil, Zaire, India and Canada. Tajik energy basis is hydropower – over 95 percent. Tajikistan’s hydropower potentialis three times higher than the current electricity consumption throughout Central Asia. The effective use of these resources will allow the region to be provided with inexpensive and green power. The main hydropower potential is concentrated in the basins of the Vakhsh, the Pyanj, the Amu Darya, the Syr Darya and the Zarafshan.

Tajikistan power system is 5190 MW; the share of the hydro power plants accounts for 93.9% of the total installed capacity. The share of thermal power plants is 318 MW or about 6.1%. Annual electricity generation in the Tajik energy system, consisting mainly of hydro power plants, is 16.5 billion kWh.It should be noted that more than 98% of electricity in Tajikistan is generated by hydropower plants, including 97% – by large and medium HPP.

COAL MINING

Besides hydropower resources Tajikistan has substantial coal with estimated reserves of 4.5 billion tons. The industrial products structure analysis shows that the coal extraction is dynamically growing in the country and 2017 year for the first time during the independence period its extraction reached 1.7m tones. Active coal mining is implemented in coal fields of Tajikistan: “Shurob”, “Nazarailok”, “Fon-Yagnob”, “Zidi” and other coal fields. Their reserves are more than 100 million tons of coal.

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY

The climate of Tajikistan is very favorable for the use of solar energy. On average there are 280-330 sunny days per year, and total solar radiation intensity varies during the year between 280 and 925 MJ/m2 in the foothills, and between 360 and 1120 MJ/m2 in the highlands. Use of available solar energy in Tajikistan can meet 10-20% of energy demand. Estimated potential of solar energy in Tajikistan is about 25 billion kWh / year. This potential is not used, if not to take into account some of its use for water heating.

There is small wind energy potential, but its use as a complementary main hydropower is justified in some regions. There is small wind energy potential, but its use as a complementary main hydropower justified in some regions. The strongest winds are observed in mountainous areas, where the landscape of the country finds the maximum wind speed and flows, as well as in the Sughd region and the Rasht Valley. Mean wind speed in these regions is about 5-6 m/sec.

More information on water and energy sector

Ministry of Energy and Water Resources of the Republic of Tajikistan

Ministry of Industry and New Technologies of the Republic of Tajikistan

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